In 1188 the first modern parliamentary session in Europe was held in León ( Cortes of León ).
This territorial organisation, based on devolution, is literally known in Spain as the "State of Autonomies".
Since the 1990s some Spanish companies have gained multinational status, often expanding their activities in culturally close Latin America.
The busiest one is the airport of Madrid (Barajas with 50 million passengers in 2011, being the world's 15th busiest airport, as well as the European Union's fourth busiest.Handbook of Medieval Culture, Volume."La cuestión de Olivenza, a la luz del Derecho internacional público" (PDF).Liberalism, labour movement and nation state Main articles: Mid-19th-century Spain, Spanish American wars of independence, SpanishAmerican War, Anarchism in Spain, and Spanish Second Republic In 1793, Spain went to war against the revolutionary new French Republic as a member of the first Coalition.Archived from the original on 24 September 2008.
The communities of Asturias, Cantabria, La Rioja, the Balearic Islands, Madrid, Murcia and Navarre are the only communities that are integrated by a single province, which is coextensive with the community itself.Politics Main article: Politics of Spain See also: Spanish Constitution of 1978 According to the Democracy Index of the EIU, Spain is one of the 19 full democracies in the world.On pain joined nato, followed by a referendum after a strong premio manlio resta social opposition.During the Renaissance the major plays are La Celestina and El Lazarillo de Tormes, while many religious literature was created with poets as Luis de León, San Juan de la Cruz, Santa Teresa de Jesús, etc.During the early Middle Ages it came under Gothic rule but later, much of it was conquered by Muslim invaders from North Africa.Spanish culture is marked by strong historic ties to Catholicism, which played a pivotal role in the country's formation and subsequent identity.Legal Traditions of the World.Although it no longer has official status by law, in all public schools in Spain students have to choose either a religion or ethics class.Retrieved "Analysis of 8 years of Gender Violence Law in Spain Gender violence and justice".Retrieved Spains peculiar but seemingly secure position within the G20 also appears to have facilitated their greater participation in the G20s work: Spain is the only outreach participant to have made policy commitments comparable to those of G20 members proper at summits since Seoul.Distinct traditional identities within Spain include the Basques, Catalans, Galicians, Andalusians and Valencians, 192 although to some extent all of the 17 autonomous communities may claim a distinct local identity.
"Number of the Week:.2 Trillion in Global Borrowing".
These events foreshadowed the conflict between conservatives and liberals in the 19th and early 20th centuries.